How to Know If Harley Ignition Coil Is Bad
Often issues from the engine of Harley Davidson could be indications that the ignition coil of your bike is bad. Even though there are differences in models like Street, Sportster, Dyna, Softail, V-Rod, but the signs of bad ignition coil remain the same across all models of Harley and can easily be identified.
Here we discuss the signs of a faulty ignition coil specifically in Harley Davidson motorcycles. Double-check every faulty or unusual thing your bike is doing and take experts’ advice if needed.
Signs of a Faulty Coil
These are the signs that indicate that your bike has a faulty coil that needs replacement or repair:
When your Harley’s ignition goes bad or needs to be repaired, its efficiency is lost and your bike will be using more fuel than the usual amount. If you notice that you are filling the tank more than the normal amount, checking the ignition coil is a good idea!
Issues with starting the engine
Cranking noises and issues with starting the engine are two of the common signs that the ignition coil is bad. If you have a Harley single fire coil, you will be hearing cranking noises but there won’t be any sparks.
Stalling of the bike
Another symptom that indicates a faulty ignition coil is if your bike is stalling. This stalling usually results from unwanted sparks that are sent to plugs. These sparks occur from the faulty coil and that is why your bike starts to stall or does not start anymore.
Along with engine jerking, you may see rough idling from your bike due to a faulty ignition coil. Compare the idling speed of your bike from before and see if the speeding up is the same or not. You may feel that the bike is lacking power while starting up.
Misfiring of the engine
When the engine misfires from your Harley Davidson, chances are the coil has gone bad instead of the engine. It can be identified with loud noises from the engine when you start it. Moreover, further indications can be made when your engine becomes unstable while you ride your bike at a high speed. Usually, the engine will jerk, spit and vibrate unusually.
You can troubleshoot the issue of a faulty coil by using a diagnostic tool for scanning. When you scan, the code ‘P0351’ will show up. This code is an indicator of circuit issues that can be the result of a bad Harley ignition coil.
Harley Davidson Ignition Module Testing
If you want to make sure that the issue you are facing with your motorcycle is the direct result of its ignition coil, follow these steps:
- Make sure your bike is off and it is cool.
- Use an SAE wrench to take off the plug wires from the ignition coil.
- Now, you need to check the resistance of the coil using an ohmmeter. Connect it to two terminals (small) and check if the resistance is within 2.5-3.1 ohms.
- Now you have to do the same thing for the two big terminals. This time the resistance should be within 10,000-12,500 ohms.
- If the resistance is not on the range mentioned, your coil is faulty.
Replacing the ignition coil
- Disconnect the cable that connects to the coil and the battery’s negative terminal.
- Remove the coil entirely by unscrewing the bolts around it.
- Screw the new coil in the same place.
- Connect the cables accordingly.
Note that, you must purchase the new coil according to the model of Harvey you have. Make sure the bike is completely cooled off before doing this. If you are unsure, take help from a professional.
Usually, many people tend to think their Harley’s engine has gone bad when it is just an issue with the coil. Checking it yourself and diagnosing the problem with simple tools will help you save money and not get scammed by repairers telling you that the engine’s at fault.
Always keep the right tools like wrench, screwdrivers, ohmmeter, etc. if you work on your bike personally for repairs and replacements. Being handy with tools and understanding the basics of the bike will allow you to solve most of the common problems.